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Sunil Abraham – Centre for Internet and Society
Sunil Abraham is the executive director of the Centre for Internet and Society (CIS), in Bangalore. CIS is a policy research organisation focussing on accessibility, IPR reform, openness, internet governance, telecom, digital natives and digital pedagogy. He founded Mahiti in 1998, a social enterprise aiming to reduce the cost and complexity of information and communication technology for the voluntary sector by using free software. Sunil continues to serve on the board of Mahiti. He is an Ashoka fellow and was elected for a Sarai FLOSS fellowship. For three years starting 2004, Sunil also managed the International Open Source Network, a project of United Nations Development Programme’s Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme, serving 42 countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
John Adams – Former Associate Deputy Minister of National Defence and Chief of the Communications Security Establishment Canada (CSEC)
John Adams, a leading authority on security issues, is the Clark Fellow in the School of Policy Studies at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario. He retired from the Canadian Forces in 1993 with the rank of Major-General and was soon appointed Assistant Deputy Minister, Infrastructure and Environment, for the Department of National Defence. Mr. Adams graduated from the Royal Military College in 1965 with a degree in chemical engineering and he was also a Rhodes Scholar. Mr. Adams is a world authority on security issues, particularly cyber security.
Shahzad Ahmad – Bytes for All, Pakistan
Shahzad Ahmad is the Country Director of Bytes for All, Pakistan. Bytes for All is a human rights organization with a focus on Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for development, democracy and social justice. It experiments and organizes debate on the relevance of ICTs for sustainable development and strengthening human rights movements in the country. Shahzad’s focus of work includes ICT policy advocacy, Internet rights and freedom of expression. He is a development communications expert and at the forefront of the Internet Rights movement in Pakistan. Shahzad is a Diplo fellow, an executive board member of the Association for Progressive Communications, policy advisory board member of .PK ccTLD and a member of the International Advisory Board of Privacy International, UK. He regularly contributes to various publications and research studies around ICTs for development, freedom of expression and gender related issues. Widely travelled, he participates in various forums at local, regional and global level. Shahzad maintains a strong engagement with the broader civil society networks at national, regional and global levels and strongly believes in participation and openness.

Benjamin Baseley-Walker – United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research
Ben Baseley-Walker is Programme Lead of the Emerging Security Threats Programme at the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research UNIDIR. With significant experience in international relations, international law, and strategic communications, Mr. Baseley-Walker brings an innovative strategic approach to his work facilitating and supporting international dialog on emerging areas of conflict and international security. Before joining UNIDIR, , Mr. Baseley-Walker was the Advisor on Security Policy and International Law for the Secure World Foundation (SWF), a private operating foundation working in the field of space security. In this role he focused engaging the international community, especially emerging space States, on looking at new methods for multilateral negotiations of space-related international security issues. Previously, Mr. Baseley-Walker worked in international relations and international law in East Africa with the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights, the Ethiopia International Law Project and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Nairobi, Kenya. Mr. Baseley-Walker studied International and European Law at the Universiteit Van Amsterdam Law School in the Netherlands, and Politics at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. He is a graduate of International Space University Space Studies Programme in Beijing.
Jochai Ben-Avie – Access
Jochai Ben-Avie is the Policy Director at Access (AccessNow.org), an international NGO that promotes open access to the internet as a means to free, full and safe participation in society and the realization of human rights. In addition to serving as a Coordinator of the Dynamic Coalition on Freedom of Expression at the UN Internet Governance Forum, he leads a team of policy analysts and fellows conducting research on issues surrounding internet censorship and surveillance, telecom and spectrum policy, freedom of information online, and digital rights.
Ken Berman – U.S. Department of Commerce
Bob Boorstin – Google
Bob Boorstin is a Director of Public Policy in the Washington D.C. office of Google, where he focuses on global promotion of online free expression. Mr. Boorstin previously worked for the Center for American Progress, where he founded the national security programs, and served in the Clinton administration for seven years. He began his professional life as a journalist and has also worked in public opinion research and political communications.
Christopher Bronk – Rice University
Christopher Bronk is the Baker Institute fellow in information technology policy. He previously served as a career diplomat with the U.S. Department of State on assignments both overseas and in Washington, D.C. His last assignment was in the Office of eDiplomacy, the department’s internal think tank on information technology, knowledge management, computer security and interagency collaboration. Since arriving at Rice, Bronk has divided his attention among a number of areas, including information security, technology for immigration management, broadband policy, Web 2.0 governance and the militarization of cyberspace. He teaches on the intersection of computing and politics in Rice’s George R. Brown School of Engineering. Holding a PhD from The Maxwell School of Syracuse University, Bronk also studied international relations at Oxford University and received a Bachelor’s degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Jeff Brueggeman – AT&T
Jeff Brueggeman is Vice President-Public Policy and Deputy Chief Privacy Officer for AT&T. In this role, he is responsible for developing and coordinating AT&T’s public policy positions on privacy, cybersecurity and Internet issues. Jeff leads the team that manages AT&T’s privacy policies and provides guidance on data privacy and security issues. Jeff’s team also supports AT&T’s business in the operation of its global Internet network and deployment of cloud computing and other emerging services. Jeff participates in a wide range of legislative, regulatory and policy development proceedings involving privacy, cybersecurity and Internet issues. In addition, he represents AT&T in various international events and organizations related to Internet governance, including the Internet Governance Forum and ICANN. Prior to joining AT&T, Jeff worked as a telecommunications attorney in private practice.

LCol Francis Castonguay – Department of National Defence, Government of Canada
Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Castonguay is a graduate of the Collège militaire Royal (CMR) in St-Jean, QC (May 1987) with a Bachelor of Sciences (Computer). He is a certified Project Management Professional (PMP®) in good standing since December 2004. He graduated from the Royal Military College Master in Defence Studies programme in June, 2009. His military career spans several diverse assignments in various technology disciplines including: Electronic Warfare (EW), software development, telecommunications, project management, network operations, network defence, multinational experimentation, and concept development. He is currently employed as the Commander of the Canadian Forces Cyber Task Force.
Moez Chakchouk – Tunisian Internet Agency
Graduated from the Sup’Com Engineering School, Tunisia in 1998, M. Chakchouk received his M.S in telecommunications from the ENIT Engineering School in 2001. In February 2009, he achieved his Ph.D in telecommunications applied to mathematics, under the joint tuition of El Manar University, Tunisia and Paris Descartes University, France. He started his career in 1998 as a research engineer in The National Center for Telecommunication Studies and Research (CERT) and as a member of the R&D project PINA. In 2002, he became the chief of the R&D project: RACINES. Then, he joined in July 2005 the Telecommunications Regulation Authority (INT), first as chief of technical department, later he became the Head of Interconnection & Access. In March 2010, he was appointed as Adviser to the Minister of Communications Technology. Few weeks after the Tunisian revolution, M. Chakchouk was designated Chairman and CEO of the Tunisian Internet Agency (ATI), where he decided first that this public enterprise won’t be anymore a censorship machine, he choose to look further ahead for the development of the Internet in Tunisia.
Anne Cheung – University of Hong Kong
Anne S.Y. Cheung is an associate professor at the Department of Law, the University of Hong Kong. She received her legal education at the University of Hong Kong (LL.B), University of Toronto (JD), University of London (LL.M) and Stanford University (JSM, JSD). She specializes in media law, Internet issues on freedom of expression and privacy, socio-legal studies, the study of domestic violence, children’s rights and feminist legal studies. In 2008, she was awarded the Outstanding Young Researcher Award by the University of Hong Kong. She is the Co-Director of the Law and Technology Centre at the Faculty of Law, University of Hong Kong, and a committee member of the Hong Kong Press Council. She was one of the principal investigators of the CLIC (Community Legal Information Centre) Project, an online legal information website for the public at www.hkclic.org. She is currently working with Privacy International, UK, on a project studying personal data protection in Hong Kong, including the awareness among youth on privacy protection in the cyberspace.
Tenzin Choedon – Tibet Action Institute
Tenzin Choedon is the Outreach Coordinator at the Tibet Action Institute, a project that brings together thought leaders, campaigners, and technology experts to develop and implement strategies designed to help Tibetans win their nonviolent struggle for rights and freedom. A third generation Tibetan refugee born and raised in India, Tenzin has seen firsthand the impact on the Tibetan community of online surveillance, censorship, and targeted malware attacks, as well as the need for creative solutions. As with most Tibetans, Tenzin’s involvement in the Tibet movement started at a young age. At university, she served on the executive of the Tibetan Youth Congress’s Delhi chapter, and from 2006-2011, she worked at Students for a Free Tibet India, first as Program Director and later as National Director
Andrew Clement – University of Toronto
Andrew Clement is a Professor in the Faculty of Information at the University of Toronto, where he coordinates the Information Policy Research Program and is a co-founder of the Identity, Privacy and Security Institute. With a PhD in Computer Science, he has had longstanding research and teaching interests in the social implications of information/communication technologies and human-centred/participatory information systems development. His research has focused on public information policy, internet use in everyday life, digital identity constructions, public participation in information/communication infrastructure development, and community networking. In relation to his current research on identity, privacy and surveillance, he is a co-investigator in The New Transparency: Surveillance and Social Sorting research collaboration, a seven year SSHRC funded Major Collaborative Research Initiative. One of his affiliated projects is IXmaps, which is developing an internet visualization tool to help people see where their data packets likely pass through surveillance sites. (See: http://IXmaps.ca )
Masashi Crete-Nishihata – Citizen Lab, University of Toronto
Masashi Crete-Nishihata is the research manager of the Citizen Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. He has published work on information controls during the 2008 Russia-Georgia conflict, cyber security research ethics, cyber attacks against Burmese media groups, and the psychosocial impacts of lifelogging technologies. His research interests include technology policy, information controls, and human computer interaction.
Andrew Cushman – Microsoft Office of Global Security Strategy and Diplomacy
As Sr. Director of Strategy in the Trustworthy Computing Group at Microsoft Corp. Cushman works with teams across Microsoft and the broader security ecosystem to catalyze technical, economic and policy innovation in order to bring about a safer, more trusted Internet. Cushman previously managed the Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC) and was responsible for emergency response to security threats, response policies, and monthly updates. Cushman expanded the MSRC’s outreach programs to cover security researchers as well as mainstream security organizations, companies and computer emergency response teams. Cushman also led the Internet Information Services (IIS) team during the development of IIS 6.0 in Windows Server® 2003. IIS 6.0 was one of the first Microsoft products to fully adopt the security engineering processes that are today embodied in the SDL and remains a “poster child of Microsoft’s commitment to security engineering and Trustworthy Computing. Cushman earned a bachelor’s degree from the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington and a master of international business degree from Seattle University. Away from work, he is an avid skier.

Eric Davis – Global Public Policy Manager, Google
Eric began his career at Google 8 years ago and quickly became Google’s lead on search and advertising syndication policy, including worldwide user trust and safety policy. He then developed and led Google’s company-wide efforts to prevent malware in ads (“anti-malvertising”) resulting in the launch of a new detection system for Google’s ad properties and increased industry awareness. Now, Eric is responsible for setting and driving implementation of Google’s global public policy and industry relations strategy for security, safety, and related subject matter. Eric plays leadership roles in the National Cyber Security Alliance, StopBadware.org, and other industry organizations. Prior to Google, Eric was an international trust and safety product manager at eBay, and managed international product expansion at Netscape. Eric is the co-author of 2 security-related patents.
Ron Deibert – Canada Centre/Citizen Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Ron Deibert (PhD, University of British Columbia) is Professor of Political Science, and Director of the Canada Centre for Global Security Studies and the Citizen Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. The Citizen Lab is an interdisciplinary research and development hothouse working at the intersection of the Internet, global security, and human rights. He is a co-founder and a principal investigator of the OpenNet Initiative and Information Warfare Monitor projects. Deibert was one of the founders and (former) VP of global policy and outreach for Psiphon Inc. He was one of the authors and investigators of the Tracking Ghostnet report that documented an alleged cyber-espionage network affecting over 1200 computers in 103 countries, and the Shadows in the Cloud report, which analyzed a cloud-based espionage network. He is a co-editor of three major volumes with MIT Press: Access Denied: The practice and policy of Internet Filtering (2008), Access Controlled: The shaping of power, rights, and rule in cyberspace (2010), and Access Contested: Security, Identity, and Resistance in Asian Cyberspace (2011). He is the author of Parchment, Printing, and Hypermedia: Communications in World Order Transformation (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997), and the forthcoming book Ghost in the Machine: the battle for the future of cyberspace (forthcoming: McClelland & Stewart, 2013). He has been a consultant and advisor to governments, international organizations, and civil society/NGOs on issues relating to cyber security, cyber crime, online free expression, and access to information. He presently serves on the editorial board of the journals International Political Sociology, Security Dialogue, Explorations in Media Ecology, Review of Policy Research, and Astropolitics. Deibert is on the advisory boards of Privacy International, Access Now, and the Lake Ontario Waterkeepers.
Taeke Jelle de Vries – XS4ALL
Theo de Vries is CEO of XS4ALL, which, founded in 1993, was the first internet provider in The Netherlands. XS4ALL, subsidiary of Dutch telecom incumbent Royal KPN, originated in the Dutch hacker scene and is to this day loyal to its founding principles: privacy, security and freedom of information. XS4ALL was recently forced by court order to block access to the Pirate Bay, after having been sued by the entertainment industry. The case attracted much attention both nationally and internationally, for being the first time a judge ordered a Dutch ISP to block a foreign website. Theo de Vries studied Business Administration in Leeuwarden and has worked for KPN in many national and international sales and management positions both in telephony and internet business units. He was appointed CEO of XS4ALL in 2008. He strongly believes in the power of a free and open internet and is convinced that – although websites like the Pirate Bay clearly are a problem for the entertainment industry – blocking or filtering information is never a solution. Theo was born in 1967, he is married and has two sons.
Robert Dresen – Royal Netherlands Embassy, Washington
Robert Dresen covers human rights and U.S. foreign policy issues as First Secretary at the Royal Netherlands Embassy in Washington DC, where he has been posted since 2008. He previously served at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague as desk officer for the Korean peninsula, China desk officer and policy officer / assistant to the Director-General for Political Affairs. Before joining the Dutch diplomatic service, he worked at the College of Europe in Bruges, as trainee at the European Commission in Brussels, and at a maritime shipping agency in Barcelona. Mr Dresen has an MA in economic geography from Utrecht University and a master in European politics and administration from the College of Europe.
Laurent Elder – International Development Research Centre
Laurent Elder leads IDRC’s Information and Networks program, which aims to better understand how information networks can be used to promote open, inclusive and rights based information societies in the South.

From 1999 to 2004, Elder was in Senegal at IDRC’s office for West and Central Africa. There, he worked with the Acacia initiative, a program looking into the impact of information and communication technologies in Africa. Elder has also worked at Canada’s Department of Finance and began his career in France, researching issues related to French history and international relations.

Elder holds an international master’s in business administration and a master’s in history, both from the University of Ottawa.

James Farwell – The Farwell Group
Mr. Farwell is an author, defense consultant, political consultant and lawyer. J.D., Tulane. D.C.L.S., U. of Cambridge (UK). Senior Research Scholar in Strategic Studies, Canada Centre for Global Security Studies, Munk School of Global Affairs, U. of Toronto. Senior Advisor to J5 of US SOCOM and was co-architect for SOCOM of SOVEREIGN CHALLENGE; has advised US STRATCOM, Offices of Undersecretary of Defense for Policy, and for Intelligence; and Special Operations-Low Intensity Conflict. Author: THE PAKISTAN CAULDRON: CONSPIRACY, ASSASSINATION & INSTABILITY (Potomac Books 2011) and POWER AND PERSUASION (Georgetown U. Press 2012); Co-Author (with Rafal Rohozinski), Stuxnet and the Future of Cyberwar, IISS – SURVIVAL (2011); Co-Author, Collusion and Collision: Searching for Guidance in Cyber Space (Sec-Dev Group, 2011); PSYOP: A Tool for Administering Operational Shock in Cyber Space, Perspectives, 2012: The Emerging Battlespace of Cyberwar, IO Journal, 2010; Countering Cyber Piracy and Cyber Vandalism: A New Perspective, Australian Research Security Institute; Information Strategy and Effective National Power, IO Journal, 2010; Egypt’s Brothers Rise (with Marvin Weinbaum), National Interest, May-June, 2011; “US Must turn up the heat on Pakistan,” Christian Science Monitor, Oct. 27, 2011; “Power of Jihadi Video,” IISS–SURVIVAL, Dec. 2010; “How can the Presidential Campaign Work for U.S. In Pakistan (with Marvin Weinbaum), Huffington Post, Dec. 19, 2011; “The Pakistan Backlash and what we need to do next,” (with Marvin Weinbaum), McClatchy, Dec. 2, 2011. As a lawyer, former partner Chaffe McCall (New Orleans); Arbitrator, New York Stock Exchange; Mediator, American Arbitration Association. As a political consultant, has advised Presidential candidates in U.S. and other countries.

Arvind Ganesan – Human Rights Watch
Arvind Ganesan, director of Human Rights Watch’s Business and Human Rights Division, is involved in research, advocacy, and policy development for Human Rights Watch on issues involving business and human rights, including the extractive industries; freedom of expression and information through the Internet; labor rights; trade; corruption; sanctions; and advancing international human rights standards on business. Ganesan has developed industry standards to ensure companies and other institutions respect human rights. He is a founder of the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights for the oil, gas, and mining industries and is a founding member of the Global Network Initiative for the Internet and telecommunications industries. He has also helped to develop standards for international financial institutions such as the World Bank, and regularly engages governments in an effort to develop mandatory rules or strengthen existing standards, such as the Kimberley Process. Ganesan’s work has covered countries such as Angola, Azerbaijan, Burma, China, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, India, Indonesia, and Nigeria. He has written numerous reports on business and human rights issues for Human Rights Watch. He is widely cited in media on issues related to human rights and business. Before joining Human Rights Watch, Ganesan worked as a medical researcher. He attended the University of Oklahoma.
Cherian George – Nanyang Technological University
Cherian George is an Associate Professor at the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University. He serves as the Director of the Asia Journalism Fellowship, an initiative of Temasek Foundation and NTU. He researches journalism and politics, including the political economy of journalism, censorship, alternative media and, most recently, the ethics of reporting extreme speech. He is the author of two books, Singapore: The Air-Conditioned Nation (Landmark, 2000) and Contentious Journalism and the Internet: Towards Democratic Discourse in Malaysia and Singapore (Singapore University Press and University of Washington Press, 2006). His third book, Freedom From The Press: Journalism and State Power in Singapore will be published by the National University of Singapore Press in early 2012. Before joining academia, he was a journalist at The Straits Times. He continues to practise professional journalism as the publisher of What’s Up, an independent monthly current affairs newspaper for children. He received his Ph.D. in Communication from Stanford University. He has a Masters from Columbia University’s School of Journalism and a B.A. in Social and Political Sciences from Cambridge University. Website: cheriangeorge.net
Sonja Gittens-Ottley – Yahoo! Inc.
Sonja Gittens-Ottley is the Manager, Yahoo!’s Business & Human Rights Program, executing Yahoo!’s initiatives to promote privacy and free expression on the Internet. Prior to joining Yahoo!, Sonja worked as an attorney at the Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago (the country’s supervisory and regulatory financial authority, responsible for the implementation of the country’s monetary policy), where she focused on banking, financial compliance, and corporate governance issues. She has also worked with the Ministry of Legal Affairs & Office of the Attorney-General of Trinidad and Tobago, the Department of State responsible for the provision of legal advice on all local and international matters. In that capacity, she developed and implemented comparative legal research programs and served as a member of the Trinidad and Tobago Human Rights Consultative Committee for the development of periodic reports for submission to the United Nations.
Misha Glenny – Author and Journalist
Misha Glenny is the international bestselling author of McMafia: A Journey through the Global Criminal Underworld, The Rebirth of History, The Fall of Yugoslavia (winner of the Overseas Press Club Award for Best Book on Foreign Affairs), and The Balkans: 1804-1999. He was an International Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C., and a visiting professor at the London School of Economics. He recently published a new book, DarkMarket: Cyberthieves, Cybercops and You.
Jacob Glick – Google
Google Policy Canada
Marc Goodman – Canada Centre for Global Security Studies, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Over the past twenty years, Mr. Goodman has built his expertise in next generation security threats such as cyber crime, cyber terrorism and information warfare working with organizations such as Interpol, the United Nations and NATO. Mr. Goodman frequently advises industry leaders, security executives and global policy makers on transnational cyber risk and founded the Future Crimes Institute to inspire and educate others on the security and risk implications of newly emerging technologies. In addition, Mr. Goodman serves as the Chair for Policy, Law and Ethics at Silicon Valley’s Singularity University, a NASA and Google sponsored educational venture dedicated to using advanced science and technology to address humanity’s grand challenges.
Amy Gordon – The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Amy E. Gordon is Director of the International Peace and Security Program of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation with responsibility for the Foundation’s grant-making in international security. Over the course of her 24-year career in the nonproliferation policy field she has worked as policy analyst, policymaker, international negotiator, and funder of research. Prior to joining the Foundation in 2006, she led diplomatic coordination of the Proliferation Security Initiative in the Department of State, a global effort to halt illicit shipments of WMD-related materials. She has also served as Chief of the Political Military Unit at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow and advisor to the Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and the Secretary of State on ratification of the Chemical Weapons Convention. She is currently exploring the potential for effective international collaboration on cybersecurity and the applicability of existing international security models and measures to this problem. She holds an M.A. in International Affairs from Columbia University and was also a Research Fellow at the John F. Kennedy School of Government’s Belfer Center, Harvard University.
Terry Graham – Afilias
Franklyn Griffiths – University of Toronto
Franklyn Griffiths is a professor emeritus of international politics and the George Ignatieff Chair Emeritus of Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Toronto, from which he retired in 2001. Policy analysis and advocacy have been and remain his lifelong professional priorities. He is currently writing a book on the incivilities of Western civilization.
Alexandre Grigsby – Public Safety Canada
Robert Guerra – Citizen Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Robert Guerra is an expert in issues of Internet freedom, cybersecurity, social networking, multi-stakeholder participation, Internet governance and human rights. He is currently a special adviser to the Citizen Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto. Robert helped establish Freedom House’s Internet Freedom program as well as co-found Privaterra, a Canadian-based initiative that works with NGOs to assist them with issues of data privacy, secure communications, information security and human rights. Robert has given numerous media interviews and is often invited to speak at international conferences and Intergovernmental meetings. He advises numerous non-profits, foundations, governments and international organizations, including Taking IT Global and Diplo Foundation’s Internet Governance and Policy Capacity Building Program.

Barbara Haig – National Endowment for Democracy
Barbara Haig is the Deputy to the President for Policy and Strategy at the National Endowment for Democracy. She joined the Endowment in the spring of 1985. As Vice President for Program Planning and Evaluation, she led the dramatic growth of the NED’s Grants Program, including the programmatic development, monitoring and evaluation of the Endowment’s worldwide grant making efforts. In the last decade, she oversaw a vast expansion of NED’s program in the broader Middle East, especially Iraq, and Afghanistan. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, Haig oversaw the development and implementation of several large and complex democracy programs in South Africa, Nicaragua and Central and Eastern Europe. She is a widely recognized expert in the field of democracy promotion and has a deep understanding of the historical aspects and strengths of the Endowment. From 1981 to 1985, Haig was Special Assistant to the Associate Director of Programs, and then to the Director, of the United States Information Agency. She is a graduate of Georgetown University and has studied and worked in Latin America, Western and Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa.
Johan Hallenborg – Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Sweden
Mr. Johan Hallenborg holds a LL.M. degree with specialisation in human rights law and public international law from the Law Faculty at Lund University, Sweden, from where he graduated in 1998. Mr. Hallenborg joined the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights as Programme Officer from 1998-2003 on human rights capacity building programmes in Asia, Africa and the Middle East. In 2003, Mr Hallenborg took up a post as Programme Officer for Sida at the Swedish Embassy in Vientiane, Lao PDR, where he worked on the Swedish – Lao development cooperation programme in the field of legal reform and human rights.

Mr Hallenborg was employed in 2005 as Sida’s Regional Adviser on Human Rights and Democracy in Southeast Asia, placed at the Swedish Embassy in Bangkok. He worked in this capacity until 2008, providing advice on human rights issues to Swedish development programmes throughout the Southeast Asian region. In 2008, Mr Hallenborg joined the Dept of International Law, Human Rights and Treaty Law at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Stockholm, where he currently is serving as a Deputy Director in the Human Rights Division. Since 2009, he has been extensively involved in the Swedish Government’s work on Internet freedom.

Thomas Hammes – National Defense University
In his thirty years in the Marine Corps, T. X. Hammes served at all levels in the operating forces to include command of an intelligence battalion, an infantry battalion and the Chemical Biological Incident Response Force. He participated in stabilization operations in Somalia and Iraq as well as training insurgents in various places.

Hammes is a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, US Army Infantry Officers Advanced Course, Marine Corps Command and Staff College and the Canadian National Defence College. He has a Masters in Historical Research and a Doctorate in Modern History from Oxford University. He is currently a Distinguished Research Fellow at the Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University.He is the author of The Sling and the Stone: On War in the Twenty-First Century and Forgotten Warriors: The 1st Provisional Marine Brigade, the Corps Ethos, and the Korean War, chapters in 12 books and over 100 articles and opinion pieces in The Washington Post, New York Times, Jane’s Defence Weekly, and professional journals. He has lectured widely at U.S. and International Staff and War Colleges.

Joel Harding
Joel Harding is an advisor and consultant for information operations and cyberwarfare. Joel has spent over 35 years working on national security issues, beginning with an enlisted career in the US Army Special Forces, followed by a career as a military intelligence officer, and 15 years working in information operations. He has worked in the Department of Defense, in the corporate world and as a subject matter expert at a not-for-profit association, the Association of Old Crows. While at the AOC, he was the Director of the IO Institute, the editor of the IO Journal and the organizer of InfowarCon. He has spoken in Canada, Russia and China about information warfare and cyberwar. He serves on the board of directors of the Capitol Chapter of the AOC. Joel is an adjunct professor in Information Operations at the George Washington University in Washington DC.
Melissa Hathaway – Hathaway Global Strategies LLC
Melissa Hathaway is President of Hathaway Global Strategies LLC and a Senior Advisor at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center. Ms. Hathaway served in the Obama Administration as Acting Senior Director for Cyberspace at the National Security Council and led the Cyberspace Policy Review. During the last two years of the administration of George W. Bush, Melissa served as Cyber Coordination Executive and Director of the Joint Interagency Cyber Task Force in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence where she led the development of the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI). At the conclusion of her government service she received the National Intelligence Reform Medal and the National Intelligence Meritorious Unit Citation in recognition of her achievements. Previously, Melissa was a Principal with Booz Allen & Hamilton, Inc., where she led two primary business units: information operations and long range strategy and policy support, supporting key offices within the Department of Defense and Intelligence Community. Earlier in her career she worked with Evidence Based Research, Inc. and the American Foreign Service Association. Melissa is frequent keynote speaker on cybersecurity matters, and regularly publishes papers and commentary in this field.
Fennigje Hinse – Royal Netherlands Embassy, Ottawa
Since 2009 Fenn Hinse has been the Senior Political Officer at the Royal Netherlands Embassy in Ottawa were she focuses on a number of bilateral priorities. Her work includes human rights cooperation between Canada and the Netherlands and issues related to international security. Ms. Hinse holds a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) degree in political science and law from Carleton University and she obtained her Master of Laws degree in Public International Law from the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Duncan Hollis – Temple University Law School
Duncan B Hollis is a Professor of International Law and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at Temple University School of Law. Professor Hollis’s scholarship focuses on international agreements, examining the formation, interpretation, and application of treaties and political commitments in international, comparative and constitutional contexts. As part of that research agenda, Professor Hollis is examining how existing rules of international law regulate cyberthreats, the ways new norms could be formed to redress such threats, and what the content of such norms might look like. Professor Hollis is the editor of the Oxford Guide to Treaties (forthcoming, 2012) and National Treaty Law & Practice (2005). His most recent work, An e-SOS for Cyberspace, appeared in the Summer 2011 volume of the Harvard International Law Journal. Prior to joining the Temple faculty, Professor Hollis served from 1998 to 2004 in the Office of the L egal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State where he spent several years as the Attorney-Adviser for Treaty Affairs. He continues to consult widely on issues of treaty negotiation and interpretation and is a regular contributor to the leading international law blog, Opinio Juris.
Sharon Hom – Human Rights in China
Sharon Hom, Executive Director of Human Rights in China (HRIC), leads HRIC’s human rights and media advocacy and strategic policy engagement with NGOs, governments, and multi-stakeholder initiatives. She has testified on a variety of human rights issues before key EU, U.S. and international policymakers. She has appeared as guest and commentator on broadcast programs worldwide and is frequently interviewed by and quoted in major print media. She was named by the Wall Street Journal as one of 2007’s “50 Women to Watch for their impact on business. Professor of law emerita at the City University of New York School of Law, she taught law for 18 years, including training judges, lawyers, and law teachers at eight law schools in China over a 14-year period in the 1980s and 1990s. She has published extensively on Chinese legal reforms, trade, technology, and international human rights, including chapters in Gender Equality, Citizenship and Human Rights: Controversies and challenges in China and the Nordic countries (2010), and China’s Great Leap: The Beijing Games and Olympian Human Rights Challenges (2008). She is co-author of Contracting Law (1996, 2000, 2005), editor of Chinese Women Traversing Diaspora: Memoirs, Essays, and Poetry (1999), and co-editor of Challenging China: Struggle and Hope in an Era of Change (2007).
Col Bernd Horn – Canadian Forces
Colonel Bernd Horn attended the University of Waterloo where he obtained an Honours Bachelor of Arts Degree in Political Science. He entered the Canadian Forces by joining the Militia in 1981, enrolling in the Highland Fusiliers of Canada. Colonel Horn received his Masters in War Studies in June 1997. He was also awarded the Governor General’s Gold Medal for academic achievement for his work. That summer he was posted to the Royal Military College (RMC) in Kingston and commenced his PhD program in War Studies. He graduated in May 2000 and earned the Barry D. Hunt Memorial Award, which is given to the graduate student of highest academic standing in the departments of History and War Studies. In April 2007, Colonel Horn became the Deputy Commander of the Canadian Special Operations Forces Command and held the position until August 2009, when he was appointed Chief of Staff, of the Land Force Doctrine and Training System. On 1 March 2010, Colonel Horn was appointed to his present position, the newly created Chief of Staff Strategic Training and Education Programs at the Canadian Defence Academy in Kingston, Ontario. Dr. Horn is also currently an adjunct professor of history at RMC and has authored, co-authored, edited or co-edited 30 books and in excess of 100 chapters in books and articles on military history and military affairs.
Gus Hosein – Privacy International
Gus Hosein is Privacy International’s Executive Director. For over fifteen years he has worked on the intersections of technology and human rights. He has held visiting fellowships at Columbia University and the London School of Economics and Political Science. He has a B.Math from the University of Waterloo and a Ph.D. from the University of London. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (FRSA).
Rex Hughes – Canada Centre for Global Security Studies, Munk School of Global Affairs and University of Cambridge
Rex B. Hughes is a visiting fellow for cyber security at Wolfson College, University of Cambridge and at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. Internationally recognised for his expertise on the global political economy of the Internet, Dr Hughes is a regular speaker at Euro-Atlantic leadership fora including the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, Global Economic Symposium, and St Gallen Forum. He provides expert advice to North Atlantic business and government entities. From 2005-07, Hughes served as a Cambridge-MIT Institute research associate contributing to disruptive technology roadmaps for British Telecom, Nortel, Nokia, and T-Mobile. From 2009-2010, Hughes served as first Chatham House associate fellow in cyber security. From 1999-2003, whilst a student at the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington (UW), Hughes founded and directed the first university based Internet studies programme, the Center for Internet Studies. There in partnership with IBM and Lotus, Hughes led the development of iEnvoy™, the first secure Internet communications platform for diplomats, successfully deployed in 21 APEC and ASEAN foreign ministries through US Department of State sponsorship.
Major Robyn Hulan – Canadian Forces School of Communications and Electronics
Major Robyn Hulan is currently employed as the Chief Instructor at CFSCE. CFSCE’s mission is to train and educate officers and NCMs in the art, science and tactics of conducting Network Operations in the EM Battlespace, in order to support the generation land based CIS capabilities for domestic and expeditionary joint forces.
Roger Hurwitz – MIT Computer Science & AI Laboratory / Canada Centre, Munk School of Global Affairs, UToronto
Roger Hurwitz is a Research Scientist at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), a senior Fellow at the Canada Centre for Global Security Studies at the University of Toronto, and a founder of Explorations in Cyber International Relations (ECIR), a Minerva Research Initiative program at Harvard and MIT. A Ph.D. in computational social sciences, with application to international relations and communication studies, his research and writing include modelling conflict escalation and de-escalation, Middle East politics, measuring information flows, content analysis and hermeneutics. He has taught at MIT, Northeastern and the Hebrew University, and co-developed (with John Mallery) the White House Electronics Publication System, used by the Clinton administrations, and the Open Meeting platform for wide-area online collaboration. In addition to developing a research agenda for cyber norms, his current work includes the development of a computational system for cyber events data and ontologies, and modelling the complexities of cyber incidents.

Nigel Inkster – International Institute for Strategic Studies
Nigel Inkster CMG, Director of Transnational Threats and Political Risk at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, London since 2007, responsible for developing research programs on non-traditional security threats including transnational terrorism, transnational organized crime, cyber security, climate change and security, and the role of intelligence in policy-making. He has authored several articles plus a chapter in a forthcoming book on China in the cyber domain. From 1975 to 2006, he served in the British Secret Intelligence Service, culminating as Assistant Chief and Director of Operations and Intelligence (2004-2006). He graduated from St John’s College, Oxford,1974, with a BA and 1st class honors in Oriental Studies.
Eli Jellenc – VeriSign
Eli Jellenc is the Manager of International Cyber Threat Analysis at VeriSign iDefense. He holds a Master of Arts in International Security Studies from Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and a B.A. in International Studies with a focus on International Security and Western Europe from the University of Mississippi.
Eric Johnson – Counterpart
Eric Johnson’s career spans 20 years of building & operating projects to support independent media, including launching the Global Internet Policy Initiative and the Open Internet Project. Currently he is managing a global project to provide cybersecurity support to activists and journalists that face online threats. He holds degrees in Math and Russian from Grinnell & Georgetown.

Karl Kathuria – Citizen Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Karl was invited to the Munk School of Global Affairs in Toronto to work with the Citizen Lab team in 2011. During his time there, he led the research team that studied the effects of the BBC’s content distribution strategies in China and Iran, making recommendations for the propagation of circumvention software into these countries. The report, titled Casting a Wider Net, was released at the end of 2011. Until recently, Karl worked for the BBC World Service, where he had ownership of the online distribution strategies, with the aim of ensuring the BBC’s international multi-lingual content was reaching its global audience. His responsibilities extended to managing strategies for multiple Content Delivery Networks and supporting the provision of an in-house platform for content production systems. Karl left the BBC in February 2012, and is now working as an independent consultant, specialising in online technologies and anti-blocking techniques.
Camino Kavanagh – King’s College London and Citizen Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Camino Kavanagh is currently pursuing a PhD at Kings College London’s Dept. of War Studies and is a non-resident fellow at University of Toronto’s Canada Center and the Citizen Lab. Her principal research focus is on power dynamics in (and in relation to) cyberspace. She has an MA in Contemporary Warfare and an MA in International Human Rights Law. Camino is also a Fellow at NYU’s Center on International Cooperation (CIC) where she focuses principally on transnational threats such as organized crime and trafficking. Before joining CIC she worked at the International Institute for Democracy and Assistance (IDEA), and has spent more than ten years in the field, principally working in UN peacekeeping operations in Africa and Central America, as advisor to governments in different reform processes in Central America and Southeast Asia, and conducting research on organized crime and trafficking.
Jac sm Kee – Association for Progressive Communications
Jac sm Kee is a feminist activist, poet, writer & researcher. She is the Women’s Rights Advocacy Coordinator with the Association for Progressive Communications (APC), Women’s Rights Programme (www.apcwomen.org), and looks at the issue of sexuality, women’s rights, violence against women, culture and Internet rights and freedoms. She directs the global Take Back the Tech! campaign that connects Internet technologies and violence against women, and the EROTICS research project on sexuality and the Internet (erotics.apc.org) with APC. Jac is also co-founder of Knowledge & Rights with Young People through Safer Spaces (KRYSS), an organisation working with young people on the issue of sexual rights in Malaysia. She is currently serving as a board member for the New York chapter of Creating Resources for Empowerment and Action (CREA) and director of Centre for Independent Journalism (CIJ), Malaysia. Jac has published several papers on the issue of Internet governance, censorship, women’s rights and sexuality.
Steven Kelly – Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Steven Kelly is a Supervisory Special Agent and Unit Chief in the Cyber Division at FBI Headquarters. Mr. Kelly provides national program management for criminal computer intrusion investigations and coordination of matters with a nexus to Asia and the Middle East. He also administers and supports the Cyber Crime Task Force program, which partners local, state, and federal cyber investigators in 59 locations throughout the United States. Prior to his current assignment, Mr. Kelly was the cyber squad supervisor in the FBI’s Indianapolis field office
Franklin D. Kramer – Atlantic Council
The Honorable Franklin D. Kramer is a Distinguished Fellow, on the board and a member of the Strategic Advisors Group of the Atlantic Council. Mr. Kramer has been a senior political appointee in two administrations, including as Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs for President Clinton, Secretary Perry and Secretary Cohen; and, previously, as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs. In the non-profit world, in addition to his position at the Atlantic Council, Mr. Kramer is a Senior Fellow at CNA. He has been chairman of the board of the World Affairs Council of Washington, DC and is currently chairman of the International Education Committee. Mr Kramer was a Distinguished Research Fellow at the Center for Technology and National Security Policy of the National Defense University and an adjunct capstone professor at the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. In the private sector, Mr. Kramer is a director and consultant and has been a partner at the law firm of Shea & Gardner. He has given speeches on cyber security and cyber conflict, on energy and security, on the role of great powers in a globalizing world, on the future of NATO and the Partnership for Peace; and on the U.S.-India defense relationship. Mr. Kramer graduated cum laude with a bachelor’s degree from Yale University and magna cum laude with a JD from Harvard Law School.
Brenden Kuerbis – Citizen Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Brenden Kuerbis is a Post-Doctoral Fellow in Internet Security Governance at the Citizen Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. Blending theories of principal-agent delegation, standardization, and social network analysis techniques, Kuerbis’s research focuses on the governance of Internet identifiers and government interests. Prior work looked at the evolution of DNS and routing security, and he is currently examining the development of the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace. He earned his Ph.D. at the Syracuse University’s School of Information Studies.

Sebastien Labelle – Public Safety Canada
Sebastien Labelle is the Director of Partnerships and Engagement in the National Cyber Security Directorate at the Department of Public Safety Canada. He has been in this position since November 2011. Prior to that, Sebastien was the Director of Infrastructure Policy in the Department of Aboriginal and Northern Affairs, and a Senior Analyst at the Privy Council Office.
Arif Z. Lalani – Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Government of Canada
Arif Z. Lalani is the Director-General, Policy Planning, Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. Arif is also a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto. Arif served as the Canadian Ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan from 2007 to 2008. He was also Canadian Ambassador to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and to the Republic of Iraq from 2006 – 2007. Arif joined the Department of External Affairs and International Trade in 1991. Overseas assignments have included: Turkey, (with accreditation to Georgia and Azerbaijan); New York (as Alternative Representative to the Security Council) and Washington, D.C. In Ottawa, he has worked in the Office of the Senior Advisor for the Middle East Peace Process; as Coordinator for the Balkans; and as Director, South Asia. He was the founder and chairperson of the foreign ministry’s Working Group on Relations with Muslim Communities from 2005-2006. Arif has degrees from the University of British Columbia (BA), and the London School of Economics (MSc). He is a member of the advisory board for the Masters in Global Affairs at the School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto; and is a member of the Advisory Committee of the Ditchley Foundation of Canada.
Sylvain (Sly) Leblanc – Royal Military College and Canadian Forces Cyber Task Force
Sylvain (Sly) Leblanc is an Assistant Professor at the Royal Military College of Canada (RMCC). He obtained his Master’s of Engineering in Software Engineering from RMCC, where he is also a doctoral candidate. Sly was a Canadian Army Signals Officer for over 20 years, where he developed his interest in computer network operations. His research interests are in computer security and computer network operations with major efforts in Computer Network Defence Policy and Decision Making, and Simulation of Cyber Effects for Command and Control. He is involved in research projects with the Canadian Forces Network Operations Centre, Defence Research and Development – Ottawa’s Cyber Operations Sections, and the Department of National Defence Centre for Operations Analysis and Research. While on sabbatical leave from August 2011 to July 2012, Sly is serving as the Academic/Technology Advisor to the Canadian Forces Cyber Task Force.
James Lewis – Center for Strategic and International Studies
James Andrew Lewis is a senior fellow and Program Director at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, where he writes on technology, security and the international economy. Before joining CSIS, he served at the Departments of State and Commerce. Lewis has authored more than seventy publications since coming to CSIS and was the Director of CSIS’s Commission on Cybersecurity for the 44th Presidency, whose report has been downloaded more than 50,000 times. Lewis was also the Rapporteur for the UN’s 2010 Group of Government Experts on Information Security. Lewis received a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago; his current research involves the political effect of the Internet, asymmetric warfare, strategic competition, and technological innovation.

Colin MacLay – Berkman Center for Internet & Society
Colin M. Maclay is the Managing Director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, where he acts as researcher, teacher and facilitator in pursuit of scholarship with impact. He seeks to understand the interaction between ICTs, policy and regulation, and social change, with attention to the roles of and implications for organizations and institutions. Current work includes issues such as freedom of expression and expression, media and civil society, emerging institutions and practices for governance, and the Nigerian film industry. He serves on the board of the Global Network Initiative and as advisor to various organizations. Colin’s studies have taken him to the University of Wisconsin, Harvard University, and Northeastern University.
John Mallery – MIT Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Laboratory
John C. Mallery is a research scientist at the MIT Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. He is concerned with cyber policy and has been involved in technical aspects of cyber security for the past decade. Over the past two years, he has participated in dialogues with Russian and Chinese experts and in that context worked on new models of cyber conflict and cooperation emphasizing cross-domain responses. During the 2008 Presidential campaign, he served on Obama’s cyber policy team and helped craft his July 16, 2008 cyber platform. As a founder of the group, he participates in a MIT-Harvard project on International Cyber Relations, and has developed a research system for monitoring open source reporting on cyber. His interests span a variety of fields from artificial intelligence, computer science and information assurance to cyber defense, international relations and economics. He conceptualized the field of computational politics in 1988, where he developed the Relatus Natural Understanding System and, in the early 1990s, non-rectangular machine learning techniques for analyzing post world war two international relations using the SHERFACS Conflict and Cooperation dataset. During the 1990s, he was the principal architect and developer of the White House Electronic Publications System that served the Clinton Administration from 1992-2001. In the process, he created and fielded the first large-scale wide-area collaboration system for the Vice President’s 1994 Open Meeting on the National Performance Review with 4000 Federal workers, pioneered online survey research in 1992 leading up to hierarchical adaptive surveys in 1996, implemented the first production HTTP 1.1 Web server and URN resolver, among many other firsts.
Tattugul Mambetalieva – Civil Initiative on Internet Policy
Tattu Mambetalieva is an expert of policy and legislation in the field of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Alongside in-country ICT policy she is very actively engaged in the regional CIS and international ICT policy and advocacy activities, namely, she is a legal consultant for Regional (CIS) Commonwealth in the field of Communications and Interparliamentary assembly of CIS countries. She is often invited to participate as an expert in ICT related seminars and conferences.
Arnav Manchanda – The SecDev Group
Arnav Manchanda is an associate with The SecDev Group, an Ottawa-based operational consultancy working at the cross-roads of security, development and the information age.
Isaac Mao
Isaac Mao is a venture capitalist, blogger, software architect, entrepreneur and researcher in learning and social technology. He divides his time between research, social works, business and technology. He is now Vice President of United Capital Investment Group and Director to Social Brain Foundation, advisor to Global Voices Online and several web 2.0 businesses. As one of the earliest bloggers in the Chinese community, Isaac is not only co-founder of CNBlog.org which is the earliest evangelizing site in China on grassroots publishing, but also the co-organizer of Chinese Blogger Conference (2005 in Shanghai, 2006 in Hangzhou). The CNBlog team then transformed into Social Brain Foundation (SBF) later on to promote Social Media and free culture in China covering Free Access, Free Speech and Free Thinking areas. The current project SBF is supporting includes Ideas Factory, Memedia, Digital Nomads, Open Education and Creative Commons China, etc. As a trained software engineer, he has a long history leads developing both business and consumer software. He worked as a Chief Architect in Intel HomeCD project and Tangram BackSchool suite. Isaac Mao earned a BS in Computer Science and got MBA training program at Shanghai Jiaotong University.
Michele Markoff – U.S. Department of State
Michele Markoff has spent 25 years in the federal government as an expert in a range of political-military related positions. For the last decade she has been the State Department expert overseeing the development and implementation of foreign policy on cyberspace issues. In 2008, she became head of a newly formed office within the State Department designed to develop international cyber strategies and facilitate internal and interagency coordination of the range of international cyber policy and operations issues. As Senior Coordinator for International CIP between 1998 and 2007, Ms. Markoff was charged with devising U.S. international diplomatic strategies to encourage foreign nations and allies to take systematic steps to protect their critical information infrastructures from both cyber and physical attack, thereby reducing risk to linked, often highly interdependent U.S. critical national infrastructures. Ms. Markoff also managed State Department coordination on the foreign policy issues associated with military uses of information technology. Ms. Markoff has a B.A. in International Relations from Reed College, an M.A. in International Relations, an M.Phil. in Political Science from Yale University, and a M.S. in National Security Strategy from the National War College of the United States.
Sarah McKune – Citizen Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Sarah McKune is Senior Researcher at the Citizen Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. Her work includes comparative analysis of targeted cyber threats against human rights organizations, as well as research regarding international cyber security initiatives.

Sarah is a lawyer with a background in international human rights law. Prior to joining the Citizen Lab, she worked at the nongovernmental organization Human Rights in China (HRIC), where she focused much of her efforts on international advocacy. She was the principal drafter and researcher of the HRIC whitepaper Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights: The Impact of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Her previous experience also includes work as a litigation associate at the New York office of Morrison & Foerster LLP, and teaching English in China. Sarah obtained her J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School in 2002, and her B.A. in International Relations from Michigan State University in 1999.

Major Maxime Messier – Canadian Forces Cyber Task Force
Major Maxime Messier is currently the Deputy Commander for the Canadian Forces Cyber Task Force responsible to conceive and design the cyber operational framework for the Canadian Forces. He has extensive experience in developing and managing counter-asymetric threat programs. Major Messier has deployed to Bosnia and Afghanistan. During his last deployment in Afghanistan, he was in charge of coordinating counter improvised explosive devices (counter-IED) operations for Canadian Joint Task Forces Afghanistan and commanding the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Teams. Following his tour, he was employed in the Canadian Forces Counter-IED Task Force to coordinate the offensive counter-IED threat program with the rest of Government and allies. In October 2010, he joined the Canadian Forces Cyber Task Force. Major Messier has a degree in Computer Engineering, a certificate in Homeland Security Management and a certificate in Terrorism Studies. He is currently undertaking his Masters degree in Public Adminstraton at Ecole nationale de l’Administration publique.
Paul Meyer – Simon Fraser University
Paul Meyer is Fellow in International Security and Adjunct Professor of International Studies at Simon Fraser University and a Senior Fellow at the Simons Foundation, Vancouver. A former diplomat whose 35 year career with Canada’s Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade focused on international security policy issues, Meyer served as Canada’s Ambassador to the United Nations and the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva (2003-2007) and as Director-General of the Security & Intelligence Bureau at DFAIT (2007-2010). He has written extensively on arms control and disarmament issues relating to nuclear, outer space and cyber security. His current research interests focus on the diplomacy of cyber security and options for inter-state cooperation regarding security in cyberspace.
Dunja Mijatovic – Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe
Dunja Mijatovic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was appointed OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media on 11 March 2010. She is an expert in media law and regulation. In 1998, as one of the founders of the Communications Regulatory Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, she helped to create a legal, regulatory and policy framework for the media in a complex post-war society. She was also involved in setting up a self-regulatory Press Council and the first Free Media Helpline in South East Europe. In 2007 she was elected Chair of the European Platform of Regulatory Agencies. She was the first non-EU Member State representative and the first woman to hold this post. Previously, she chaired the Council of Europe’s Group of Specialists on freedom of expression and information in times of crisis. During her Chairmanship, the CoE Committee of Ministers adopted the Declaration by the Committee of Ministers on the protection and promotion of investigative journalism and Guidelines on protecting freedom of expression and information in times of crisis. As an expert on media and communications, she has worked in Armenia, Austria, Iraq, Jordan, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia, Morocco and the United Kingdom.
Stefania Milan – Citizen Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Stefania Milan studied communication sciences at the University of Padova, Italy, and holds a PhD in Political and Social Sciences from the European University Institute. Her research interests include digital technologies and participation, social movements, radical internet activism, and the interplay between technologies and society. She enjoys experimenting with digital, participatory and action-oriented research methods, and seeks to find ways of bridging research with policy and action. Stefania taught communications governance, digital technologies, and digital research methods at the University of Lucerne, Switzerland, and at the Central European University, Hungary. She has worked extensively in international media outlets and has been involved in media activism projects.

At the Citizen Lab, under the supervision of Prof. Deibert, Dr. Milan will investigate bottom-up infrastructure development. She will analyze how political and cultural values of activists and developers affect technology development and how it shapes power in cyberspace.

Paul Mitchell – Canadian Forces College
Paul Mitchell holds a BA (Hons) from Wilfred Laurier University, a MA in War Studies from King’s College London, and a Ph.D. from Queen’s University at Kingston. Following the completion of his doctoral studies, he worked as a post-doctoral fellow at Dalhousie University in Halifax in the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, where he assisted with the production of the Canadian Navy’s Adjusting Course strategy. He also worked as Directing Staff at the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre on their Maritime Peacekeeping course in 1996 and 1997. He has worked at the Canadian Forces College since 1998, first as the Deputy Director Academics, and later as its first Director of Academics (DAcad). As DAcad, Dr Mitchell oversaw the development of the Master of Defence Studies degree following accreditation of the Command and Staff Course by the Ontario Council of Graduate Studies in 2001. Between 2005 and 2007, Dr. Mitchell was an Associate Professor at Singapore’s S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies at Nanyang Technological University and also taught at the Singapore Armed Forces Training Institute’s Command and Staff College. Dr Mitchell was awarded the Literary Award by the United States Naval Institute and the Surface Naval Association for his paper on Network-Centric Warfare and Small Navies in 2003, the first non-American and the first civilian to be so recognised. He recently was published in the International Institute for Strategic Studies’ prestigious Adelphi Paper series with his Network-Centric Warfare: Coalition Operations in the Age of US Military Primacy.
Lucie Morillon – Reporters Without Borders
Lucie Morillon is the Head of Reporters Without Borders New Media Desk. She deals with monitoring online freedom of expression and advocating for the release of online reporters, bloggers and netizens who have been imprisoned for speaking freely on the Internet. She also overviews the organization’s initiatives related to the fight against cyber censorship.

She was till June 2009 based in Washington DC, where she opened a representative office in 2004. She supervised Reporters Without Borders USA activities, acted as a spokesperson for the organization and covered issues related to press freedom in the United States. In charge of PR and advocacy towards Congress, she did her best to publicize press freedom abuses worldwide. She took part in several Reporters Without Borders fact-finding missions and has been featured on CNN, ABC News, Fox News, Al Jazeera, and quoted by the New York Times, the Washington Post, The LA Times,, etc.

Lucie Morillon joined the international press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders in 2000 as a Researcher for the European and Former-USSR Desk. Next, she assumed the position of the organization’s International Coordinator, managing the development of Reporters Without Borders branches.

Lucie Morillon holds a Masters Degree in History (with a major in Europe and the Far East), from the University of Nantes, and another in Communications and Politics from the Superior Institute of Public and Political Management (ISMAPP) in Paris.

Evgeny Morozov – Stanford University
Evgeny Morozov is the author of The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom. Morozov is currently a visiting scholar in the Liberation Technology program at Stanford University and a Schwartz fellow at the New America Foundation. He was formerly a Yahoo! fellow at the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy at Georgetown University and a fellow at George Soros’s Open Society Foundations, where he also served on the board of the Information Program. Before moving to the US, Morozov was Director of New Media at Transitions Online, a Prague-based media development NGO active in 29 countries of the former Soviet bloc.
Jill Moss – Broadcasting Board of Governors
Jill Moss is an analyst for the Broadcasting Board of Governors’ Internet Anti-Censorship Program. Prior to joining the BBG, she worked on Capitol Hill as press secretary for Nebraska Congressman Peter Hoagland. She also served as a United States Peace Corps volunteer from 1997 to 1999. Jill is currently working on a doctorate in strategic communication at George Mason University, where she is also an adjunct professor. She lives in Falls Church, Virginia with her husband and son.
Milton Mueller – Syracuse University School of Information Studies
Milton Mueller is Professor at Syracuse University School of Information Studies, USA. From 2008 to the end of 2010 he held the XS4All Chair at Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands, devoted to the privacy and security of Internet users. Milton received the Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania’s Annenberg School in 1989. His research focuses on property rights, institutions and global governance in communication and information industries. His book Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace (MIT Press, 2002) is considered the definitive account of the political and economic forces behind the creation of ICANN. His new book, Networks and States: The Global Politics of Internet Governance, explores Internet governance in the post-World Summit on the Information Society environment. Currently, he is doing research on IP addressing policy, the policy implications of Deep Packet Inspection technology and the security governance practices of ISPs. Milton was one of the founders of the Internet Governance Project, an alliance of scholars in action around global Internet policy issues. He has played a leading role in organizing and mobilizing civil society in ICANN and OECD. He was co-founder of the ICANN’s Noncommercial Users Constituency and serves on the Executive Committee of the Noncommercial Stakeholders Group in ICANN.
Edward Myers – FrontLine Security
Edward R. Myers is Editor, FrontLine Security magazine. Myers earned a Master of Arts degree from Carleton University’s Institute for Canadian Studies. He specialized in Law and Journalism which propelled him into an early career in the publishing industry where he authored a school textbook, Living Law, published by McClelland and Stewart, and directed a video called Jury Duty which was produced for the Law Reform Commission of Canada by the National Film Board of Canada. Myers is an accomplished executive with 25 years experience in developing new businesses and strategic relationships in the information technology and defense sectors in Canada and the United States.

Fredrick Nesbitt – Research in Motion
Jan Neutze – Microsoft
Jan Neutze joined Microsoft’s Global Security Strategy and Diplomacy team in 2011 as a Senior Security Strategist focusing on cybersecurity, Internet governance and norms issues. In this role, Jan develops corporate strategy for improving Internet governance regimes and leads engagements with governments and other key stakeholders on the emerging global discussion of norms of behavior in cyberspace. Jan came to Microsoft from the United Nations in New York, where he served for three years in the Office of the Secretary General and the Department of Political Affairs leading efforts focused on countering terrorist use of the Internet. Prior to his role at the United Nations, Jan worked in Washington, DC as Assistant Director for Transatlantic Relations at the Atlantic Council of the United States and as Program Officer at the German Marshall Fund of the United States focusing on transatlantic foreign and security policy issues. Jan holds a law degree from the University of Münster (Germany) and an M.A. in Security Studies from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.

Daniel O’Brien – Committee to Protect Journalists
Danny O’Brien is CPJ’s Internet Advocacy Coordinator, working to protect online journalists and the infrastructure they use. He has spent over twenty years documenting and explaining the growth of the Internet and new media and its effect on free expression and society. He has written articles for Wired, New Scientist, the Guardian, and TV shows for the BBC. Prior to joining CPJ, O’Brien was International activist for the original Internet freedom organization, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and was a founder of the British pressure group, the Open Rights Group. He is based in San Francisco.
Karen O’Donoghue – Internet Society
Ms. Karen O’Donoghue joined the Internet Society in July 2009 as Research Analyst for Networks and Trust. In this role, she supports and assists the Director of Trust and Identity Initiatives by providing research and analysis to further the team’s assessment of strategic options, advocacy, and key relationships with internal and external collaborators. She is also active in coordinating the formulation of outreach strategies and identifying partners and relationships that can help promote the deployment of trust-enabling network technologies. Ms. O’Donoghue has a long history of participation in the IETF, IEEE, and other standards bodies, as well as serving as a volunteer for both the InteropNet team and the IETF network operations team. She’s also had a distinguished career working for the US Navy, focused on the development and application of commercial network standards and technologies to Navy systems.
Kevin O’Keefe – CFN Consultants
Brigadier General Kevin O’Keefe OMM, CD retired from the Canadian Forces in August 2004 after 33 years of distinguished service. His last appointment in the Canadian Forces was as Director General Information Management Operations (DGIMO)/J6. During his career, he served in a variety of staff and field assignments in Canada and overseas. He commanded at several levels including serving as the last Commander of Canadian Forces Europe Communication Group in Lahr, Germany where he was responsible for the close out of strategic military communications installed to support the Canadian Forces in Lahr and Baden-Solingen, Germany. He served as the Chief, Communications and Information Systems, NATO Stabilization Force (SFOR), Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina during the NATO Campaign in Kosovo. At National Defence Headquarters, he served as the Director Intelligence Security and Operations Automation and the Director General Information Management Strategic Direction. His military experience included the development of the Joint Command and Control and Intelligence System (JC2IS), a system designed to provide the Canadian Forces with a strategic command and control capability. Brigadier General O’Keefe is a graduate of St. Francis Xavier University (Bachelor of Science (Mathematics), the University of Ottawa (Master of Business Administration), the Canadian Forces Command and Staff College (Toronto) and the NATO Defence College (Rome).

Staci Pies – Skype/Microsoft
Staci Pies is Director of Government and Regulatory Affairs for the Skype Division of Microsoft, where she works to drive public policies that protect consumer access to innovative communications technologies. At Skype, Ms. Pies provides corporate leadership and advocacy on a wide range of legislative proposals and regulatory guidance including issues pertaining to VoIP policy, communications regulation, freedom of expression and state data security and privacy. Staci is the current Chair of the Board of the VON Coalition, an internationally-recognized industry advocacy organization for businesses delivering IP innovations. She is also past-President of the Coalition from January 2004 to December 2007. Ms. Pies has testified before the United States House of Representatives and various state legislatures. Before joining Skype in January 2008, Ms. Pies was VP of Governmental and Regulatory Affairs for PointOne, a wholesale VoIP provider, and Director of Federal Regulatory Affairs for Level 3 Communications. Staci also held a number of positions at the FCC including Deputy Division Chief, Network Services and senior attorney in the FCC’s former Common Carrier Bureau, where she served in leadership roles on proceedings promoting the deployment of broadband and other information services. Ms. Pies graduated from the Washington College of Law at the American University, in Washington, D.C. and received a B.A. from Pepperdine University in Malibu, CA. She lives in Maryland with her husband and son.
Dinah PoKempner – Human Rights Watch
Dinah PoKempner is general counsel of Human Rights Watch, one of the largest international human rights research and advocacy groups. Dinah’s work has taken her to Cambodia, the Republic of Korea, Vietnam, former Yugoslavia and elsewhere in documenting and analyzing compliance with international humanitarian and human rights law. She writes on war crimes, international humanitarian law, freedom of expression, cyber-liberties, hate speech and defamation of religions, peace-keeping operations, international tribunals, U.N. human rights mechanisms, and the development of the human rights movement. At Human Rights Watch, Dinah is responsible for the development of institutional positions on international law and policy, and supervises its participation in human rights litigation. A member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and a graduate of Yale and Columbia universities, she is also a frequent lecturer on human rights and ethics at universities and foreign policy gatherings.
Kristjan Prikk – Embassy of Estonia
Mr. Kristjan Prikk is the Defense Counselor of the Embassy of Estonia in Washington, DC since August 2010. In his current capacity Kristjan follows developments in defense and security policy as well as deals with Estonian-U.S. political-military affairs both in bilateral and NATO context.

Prior to his current assignment Mr.Prikk served as the Director of the International Co-operation Department of Estonian Ministry of Defense for three years. Immediately before that he worked with issues mainly pertaining to the NATO enlargement and NATO partnerships with Georgia, Russia and Ukraine at the Security Policy and Arms Control Bureau of the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Mr. Prikk’s previous assignments include four years as a diplomat covering trade and economic issues at the Embassy of Estonia to the United States.

Before joining the team at the Embassy in Washington for the first time in 2002, Kristjan dealt with World Trade Organization related issues at the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs for three years. His main scope of expertise covered different trade disputes as well as Russian accession to the WTO.

Kristjan is a graduate of the oldest university in Estonia, University of Tartu, where he studied political science and economics. He has received further training at different specialized courses mostly on defense and security policy as well as on foreign trade issues. Mr. Prikk is currently obtaining his Master’s degree in Strategic Studies at the US Army War College.

Kristjan is an officer in reserve and a member of a voluntary defense organization Estonian Kaitseliit (the Defense League). He is married to Mrs. Liis Prikk who prior to their posting to the U.S. worked as English teacher in Estonia. They have two daughters – Matilda and Linda and one son – Ants Kristjan.

Chris Prince – Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada
Chris Prince has been a Strategic Policy Analyst within the Legal Services Branch of the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada since 2007. His focus has been privacy implications of national security programs, governance of surveillance practices, oversight and international law treating interception of private communications. He received his Master’s from McGill University’s School of Information Studies in 2001, with a thesis focusing on the evolution of information as a concept from the advent of telegraphy until the advent of the World Wide Web. He also holds an undergraduate in Contemporary Studies and English from the University of King’s College in 1997.

Thomas Rid – King’s College London
Dr Thomas Rid is a Reader in War Studies at King’s College London. In 2009/2010, Rid was a visiting scholar at the Hebrew University and the Shalem Center in Jerusalem. From 2006 to 2009 he worked at the Woodrow Wilson Center and the RAND Corporation in Washington, and at the Institut français des relations internationales in Paris. Rid wrote his first book and thesis at the Berlin-based Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Germany’s major government-funded foreign policy think tank. Rid holds a PhD from the Humboldt Universityzu Berlin. Thomas Rid published three books, Understanding Counterinsurgency (Routledge 2010, co-edited with Tom Keaney), War 2.0 (Praeger 2009, with Marc Hecker, translated into Mandarin by the People’s Liberation Army Press), and War and Media Operations (Routledge 2007). His scholarly work has appeared in the Journal of Strategic Studies, Contemporary Security Policy, Terrorism and Political Violence, Survival, Foreign Policy, The Wilson Quarterly, The RUSI Journal, Policy Review, Military Review, Internationale Politik, Politique Internationale, and others. Most recently, Rid published “Cyber War Will Not Take Place” and, with Peter McBurney, Cyber Weapons. More at thomasrid.org
Rafal Rohozinski – The SecDev Group
Rafal Rohozinski is one of Canada’s thought leaders in the fields of cyber security and Internet freedom. He is the founder and CEO of The SecDev Group and Psiphon Inc., and his work in information security spans two decades and 37 countries, including conflict zones in the CIS, the Middle East and Africa. Rafal is known for his work on cyber espionage, including co-authorship of the Tracking GhostNet, Shadows in the Cloud and Koobface studies examining cyber espionage networks and global cybercrime. Rafal is a senior scholar at the Canada Centre for Global Security Studies, Munk School of Global Affairs and previously served as director of the Advanced Network Research Group, University of Cambridge. He is, together with Ronald Deibert a founder and principal investigator of the Information Warfare Monitor and the OpenNet Initiative. Among his numerous academic and policy papers are Stuxnet and the Future of Cyberwar (Survival, IISS, 2011), Liberation vs. Control: The Future of Cyberspace (Journal of Democracy, 2010), Bullets & Blogs: New Media and the Warfighter,” Strategic utility of cyberspace operations (US Army War College, forthcoming), and “Collusion and Collision: searching for guidance in Chinese cyberspace” (2011). He is also a lead editor and contributor to Access Controlled: The Shaping of Power, Rights, and Rule in Cyberspace (MIT Press, 2010), and Access Contested: Security, Identity and Resistance in Asian Cyberspace (MIT Press, 2011). Rafal’s work and research frequently appears in such publications as The New York Times, Washington Post, the Guardian and The Globe and Mail, and he has appeared as a commentator on the BBC World Service, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, CNN and other international media.
Julie Ryan – George Washington University
Dr. Julie J. C. H. Ryan is associate professor and Chair of Engineering Management and Systems Engineering at George Washington University. She holds a B.S. degree in Humanities from the U.S. Air Force Academy, M.L.S. in Technology from Eastern Michigan University, and D.Sc. in Engineering Management from the George Washington University. Dr. Ryan began her career as an intelligence officer, serving the U.S. Air Force and the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency. After leaving government service, she continued to serve US national security interests through positions in industry. Her areas of interest are in information security and information warfare research. She was a member of the National Research Council’s Naval Studies Board from 1995-1998. She has had a distinguished career, having conducted several research projects, writing several articles and book chapters in her focus area. Dr. Ryan is nominated for her expertise in sensors, development/systems engineering, computer science, intelligence and threat analysis, and human-systems integration.

Rohan Samarajiva – LIRNEasia
Rohan Samarajiva is founding Chair and CEO of LIRNEasia, an ICT policy and regulation think tank active across emerging Asian economies and the South Pacific. His most recent book, ICT infrastructure in emerging Asia: Policy and regulatory roadblocks (Sage and IDRC, 2008), is a compilation of LIRNEasia research. Samarajiva was Team Leader at the Sri Lanka Ministry for Economic Reform, Science and Technology (2002-04) responsible for infrastructure reforms, including participation in the design of the USD 83 million e Sri Lanka Initiative. He was Director General of Telecommunications in Sri Lanka (1998-99), a founder director of the ICT Agency of Sri Lanka (2003-05), Honorary Professor at the University of Moratuwa in Sri Lanka (2003-04), Visiting Professor of Economics of Infrastructures at the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands (2000-03) and Associate Professor of Communication and Public Policy at the Ohio State University in the US (1987-2000). Samarajiva was Policy Advisor to the Ministry of Post and Telecom in Bangladesh (2006-09).
John Savage – Brown University
Dr. John E. Savage is the An Wang Professor of Computer Science at Brown University. He earned his PhD in Electrical Engineering at MIT in coding and communication theory and joined Bell Laboratories in 1965 and Brown University in 1967. In 1979 he co-founded the Department of Computer Science at Brown and served as its second chair from 1985 to 1991. His research has centered on theoretical computer science and currently includes cybersecurity, computational nanotechnology, the performance of multicore chips, and reliable computing with unreliable elements. He is a Guggenheim Fellow and a Fellow of AAAS and ACM, and a Life Fellow of IEEE. He served as Jefferson Science Fellow in the U.S. Department of State in 2009-2010.
Marietje Schaake – Member of European Parliament
Marietje Schaake (Twitter: @MarietjeD66) is a Member of the European Parliament for the Dutch Democratic Party (D66) with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) political group. She serves on the Committee on Foreign Affairs, where she focuses on neighbourhood policy, Turkey in particular; human rights, with a specific focus on freedom of expression, internet freedom, press freedom; and Iran. In the Committee on Culture, Media, Education, Youth and Sports she works on Europe’s Digital Agenda and the role of culture and new media in the EU´s external actions. In the Committee on International Trade she focuses on intellectual property rights, the free flow of information and the relation between trade and foreign affairs. Marietje is a member of the delegation for relations with the United States and a substitute member on the delegations with Iran and the Western Balkan countries. She is also a founder of the European Parliament Intergroup on New Media and Technology. Marietje is a Member of the European Council on Foreign Relations and vice-president of the supervisory board of Free Press Unlimited. Before joining the European Parliament, she worked as an independent advisor to governments, diplomats, businesses and NGO’s, on issues of transatlantic relations, diversity and pluralism, civil and human rights.
Aadya Shukla – Harvard University
Aadya Shukla is a Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program (STPP)/Information and Communications Technology and Public Policy Project (ICTPP) research fellow at the Belfer Center. Her research focuses on aspects of cyber security (construction of computational models to conceptualize cyberspace (cyber ontology construction and mapping), comparative analysis of national cyber strategies, formulation of frameworks to measure the impact of innovative semantic technologies in the public domain, and use of trustworthy computing in the context of digital government. Aadya has an additional affiliation as a research fellow within the joint Harvard-MIT-DoD Project Minerva, also known as Explorations in Cyber International Relations (ECIR). ECIR explores a wide range of the issues within cyber security from the contexts of international relations theory and practice. Aadya is addressing the problem of conceptualizing cyberspace using a number of techniques from the Artificial Intelligence and Software Engineering domain. Aadya is a teaching fellow at Harvard University’s School of Engineering and Applied Science. She is responsible for the development and delivery of an undergraduate module on Cybersecurity and ICT. Before coming to the Harvard Kennedy School in 2010, Aadya was a Microsoft Research Doctoral Scholar at the Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford (graduating in 2012). During her time at Oxford, she also acted as an undergraduate tutor (Computer Science) for a number of colleges at Oxford and the Stanford University Center at Oxford. Prior to Oxford, Aadya worked (2000-2006) as a scientist for the Siemens Limited (Germany), European Molecular Biology Laboratory (Cambridge, UK), and Medical Research Council (Oxford, UK), where she engaged in research in computational biology, bioinformatics, expert system design, ontology development, and large scale data integration within a number of interdisciplinary European projects. Aadya has co-authored a number of publications (Second Worldwide Cybersecurity Summit, International Conference in Electronic Governance, and Hawaii International Conference in System Sciences) and journal articles which have appeared in Nature Genetics and Mammalian Genome. She has received two best paper & poster awards. Aadya was elected Microsoft European Scholar at the Department of Computer Science and Great Eastern Graduate Fellow (member of the Senior Common Room, St. Catherine’s College) at Oxford and first Royal Dutch Shell Centenary Scholar from India to study Artificial Intelligence at University of Edinburgh.
Sara Sixsmith – Department of National Defence, Government of Canada
Sara Sixsmith is a Senior Policy Analyst at the Department of National Defence.
Brett Solomon – Access
Brett Solomon is co-founder and Executive Director of Access (accesnow.org) – a new global movement for digital freedom. Born out of the aftermath of the 2009 Iranian election, Access uses cutting edge technologies to help people living behind the firewall, provides thought leadership on the new frontier of digital rights and mobilizes a global citizens’ movement of 300,000 people in over 100 countries. Brett was Campaign Director at Avaaz.org, a global movement which has rapidly grown into the largest online activist community in the world at over 10 million subscribers in all 193 countries. He was the first Executive Director of GetUp, an Australian independent political movement. Brett has worked both locally and internationally on a range of social justice and human rights issues. He honed his career at Oxfam Australia, where he founded the International Youth Parliament (IYP), an international network of young social change leaders from 140 countries tackling issues such as poverty, conflict and globalization. Prior to this, he worked as the Campaign Coordinator for Amnesty International Australia, where his main focus was refugees and asylum seekers, the arms trade and national security. Brett has a bachelors degree in Arts and Law from the University of Sydney and a masters degree in International Law from the University of New South Wales.
Chris Spence – National Democratic Institute
Chris Spence is Chief Technology Officer at the National Democratic Institute (NDI). For over 15 years Spence has led the technology initiatives for the Institute and its democracy programs around the world and helped NDI become recognized as a leader in the application of technology to the unique and evolving challenges of democratic governance. Spence has worked with a large number of legislatures, election monitoring groups, political parties, civil society organizations and citizens in developing countries and emerging democracies around the world.

Spence also sets strategy and manages the technology that runs NDI’s global field operation, with staff working at the headquarters based in Washington, DC and 65 field offices around the world. Under his leadership NDI has successfully embraced technology for business operations and communications as it grew from a few hundred to over 1200 staff members working in countries at every level of communications and physical infrastructure. At headquarters, Spence has managed the transitions from a few servers through a data center and most recently to cloud computing in an increasingly challenging security environment.

Mr. Spence brings to NDI a combination of IT and international relations expertise. His technology career started in Silicon Valley with several companies including Oracle Corporation, Netscape Communications and Triad Systems. His academic credentials include a Bachelor’s degree from Colorado State University in Physical Science (1985) and completed Master’s degree coursework in International Relations at San Francisco State University (1994-96). He currently splits time between Washington, DC and Denver, Colorado.

Janice Stein – Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Janice Gross Stein is the Belzberg Professor of Conflict Management in the Department of Political Science and the Director of the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and a member of the Order of Canada and the Order of Ontario. Her most recent publications include Networks of Knowledge: Innovation in International Learning (2000); The Cult of Efficiency (2001); and Street Protests and Fantasy Parks (2001). She is a contributor to Canada by Picasso (2006) and the co-author of The Unexpected War: Canada in Kandahar (2007). She was the Massey Lecturer in 2001 and a Trudeau Fellow. She was awarded the Molson Prize by the Canada Council for an outstanding contribution by a social scientist to public debate. She is an Honorary Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She has been awarded Honorary Doctorate of Laws by the University of Alberta, the University of Cape Breton and McMaster University.
Col Bill Sternhagen – Canadian Forces Influence Activities Task Force
Colonel William J. Sternhagen graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1984 where he was commissioned as an Infantry Officer and earned a Bachelor’s of Science Degree. He also holds a Master’s Degree in Business from Webster University.

Before being assigned to LFDTS as Commander, Influence Activities Task Force and an Exchange Officer, served as Chief of Assessments, United States Army Europe, Heidelberg, Germany; Senior Mentor to the Chief of Police, Kabul, Afghanistan and Director of the ISAF Joint Command’s Combined Joint Operations Center, Kabul, Afghanistan; Chief, Information Operations, USAREUR and Chief of Operations, V Corps, Heidelberg, Germany; Chief, Information Operations and Chief of Targeting and Assessments, MNF-I, Baghdad, Iraq; Instructor, Joint Information Operations Staff Course, Norfolk, Virginia; Battalion Commander, Army Forces, Joint Task Force-Bravo, Soto Cano Air Base, Honduras; Executive Officer and Maneuver Observer Controller, Battle Command Training Program, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; Battalion Executive Officer, 3rd Psychological Operations Battalion, Fort Bragg, North Carolina; Ground Plans Officer, Joint Task Force-Southwest Asia, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Brigade S3, Dragon Brigade, Company and Detachment Commander, C Company, 9th Psychological Operations Battalion, Division Training Officer, 82nd Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, NC; G3 Division Operations Officer, 82nd Airborne Division, Saudi Arabia and Iraq; Infantry Rifle Company Commander, C Company, 2nd Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment, Fort Bragg, North Carolina; Battalion S4, Company Executive Officer, and Platoon Leader, 1st Battalion, 54th Infantry, Bamberg, Germany.

Military education include United States Military Academy, Infantry Officer Basic and Advanced Courses, Combined Arms Services Staff School, Command and General Staff College, Psychological Operations Course, Civil Affairs Course, Air Command and Staff College, Joint Information Operations Planners Course, Army Information Operations Qualification Course, Joint Professional Military Education II, and Air War College.

Mark Surman – Mozilla
Theresa Swinehart – Verizon
Theresa Swinehart is Executive Director, Global Internet Policy for Verizon Communications, where she specializes in emerging Internet policy issues, Internet governance and multi-stakeholder models, engaging with policy makers, experts and stakeholders globally. Prior to joining Verizon in 2010, Theresa was Vice President, Global and Strategic Partnerships, for the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), where she had been since 2001. Her responsibilities with ICANN included contributing to its reform process, leading the international team, the organization’s strategy for global engagement and outreach, and representing the organization in international forums, particularly those relating to Internet governance. She worked with a wide range of stakeholders, including business, regional and international organizations (governmental and non-governmental), technical community, government and civil society, on a range of issues bridging technical, political and policy expertise and experience (e.g. internationalized Domain Names (IDNs)). Before joining ICANN, Theresa was Director for Global E-Commerce at MCI, where she was responsible for emerging international Internet issues, including ISP liability, data protection and the company’s participation in Internet related forums including the formation of ICANN. Theresa began her career in international human rights with a focus on economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights. Theresa holds a law degree from American University Washington College of Law (USA), a post graduate degree in International Studies from the University of Vienna (Austria), and a BA in International Relations from the University of California, Davis (USA). Theresa is a member of the Board of Trustees, Internet Society (ISOC). She also serves on the Internet Governance Forum Multistakeholder Advisory Committee (MAG), and is one of the business community representatives to the UN Committee on Science and Technology (CSTD) Working Group on IGF improvements. She is fluent in English and German and conversant in French.

Lhadon Tethong – Tibet Action Institute
Lhadon Tethong is one of the most influential leaders and recognizable faces in the Tibetan freedom movement. A Tibetan born in Canada, she was the Executive Director of Students for a Free Tibet from 2003-2009 and its Program Director from 1999-2003. Lhadon has traveled the world building a powerful non-violent movement for Tibet’s freedom and leading innovative economic and political campaigns against China’s rule in Tibet. A visionary strategist, she led the high-profile global campaign to condemn China’s rule of Tibet in the lead-up to and during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. In 2007, she made international headlines as an exile Tibetan who boldly challenged the occupation of Tibet from inside China, posting real-time accounts of her travels through Beijing as it was preparing for the 2008 Olympics on her blog, BeijinWideOpen.org – one of the first Tibetan blogs in existence. Her presence in Beijing drew the ire of the Chinese authorities and Lhadon was detained and deported from China. A renowned spokesperson on Tibetan issues in the media, Lhadon has also addressed audiences around the world about Tibet’s occupation and the movement for freedom. She has trained and inspired countless students and young people in dozens of countries to become skilled and committed activists for Tibet and for social justice everywhere.
Eneken Tikk-Ringas – Citizen Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Eneken Tikk-Ringas obtained her PhD in law at Tartu University (Estonia). Her dissertation A Comprehensive Legal Approach to Cyber Security reflects her legal and policy work at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence in Tallinn for past 5 years, her research at the Universities of Tartu, Stockholm, Helsinki and Freiburg as well as her consulting, analysis and advisory work for several Estonian authorities (Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Defence, Estonian Information System Authority). Eneken has published several books, articles and presentations on legal and policy aspects of cyber security and is a frequent speaker at strategic cyber security events.
Salil Tripathi – Institute for Human Rights and Business
Salil Tripathi is Director of Policy at the Institute for Human Rights and Business in London, where he has worked on projects dealing with the role of business in high risk zones, corporate responsibility to respect human rights on the Internet, and developing guidelines on business use of land and human rights implications. He was earlier a researcher at Amnesty International (1999-2005) and a policy adviser at International Alert (2006-2008). At Amnesty International, he co-wrote policy papers on complicity, privatisation, corruption, and sanctions, and he was part of research missions to Nigeria and Bosnia-Herzegovina. He also represented Amnesty International at the early negotiations leading up to the creation of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, and had been actively involved with the Voluntary Principles for Security and Human Rights from its formation till 2008. He has worked closely with a group of researchers convened by FAFO, which led to the publication of the Red Flags. He has been on the advisory panel of the International Finance Corporation and is a member of corporate citizenship panels at GE Corp and Exxon Corp. He has contributed chapters to books on business and human rights, and spoken at universities in Asia, Europe, Africa, and the United States. He has been visiting fellow (non-resident) at the Harvard Kennedy School. He is also on the board of the English PEN and chairs its Writers-in-Prison Committee. His articles have been published widely in newspapers and magazines in the United States, Europe, and Asia. He graduated with an MBA from the Amos Tuck School of Business Administration at Dartmouth College, US. He is author of Offense: The Hindu Case (Seagull, University of Chicago Press, 2009) about Hindu nationalism, free expression, and censorship. He was born in Bombay, India.
Lokman Tsui – Google
Lokman Tsui is Policy Adviser for Google in Asia. He advises and leads the company on free expression, academic relations and open government in Asia Pacific. Before joining Google, Tsui was an Assistant Professor in Media and Communication at the City University of Hong Kong. From 2008 to 2009, he was also a Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society of Harvard University. As an academic, he has published extensively and co-edited a book, The Hyperlinked Society: Questioning Connections in the Digital Age, published with the University of Michigan Press. Tsui received his Ph.D. degree from the Annenberg School of Communication, the University of Pennsylvania, where he wrote an award-winning dissertation, a critical interrogation of how new technologies challenge us to rethink journalism. He graduated from Leiden University with an MA degree in China Studies with a cum laude thesis on Internet control and regulation in China. He was born and raised in the Netherlands and used to run the unofficial website for filmmaker Wong Kar Wai for many years.

Jeff Ubois – The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Jeff Ubois is a Program Officer in the Foundation’s Media, Culture, and Special Initiatives program, where he is responsible for work in New Ideas and Media. Previous to his work at MacArthur, Mr. Ubois was a consultant to archives, museums, broadcasters, and commercial organizations in the U.S. and E.U. Most recently, he has worked for Fujitsu Labs in Sunnyvale, California, the Bassetti Foundation in Milano, Italy, and the Netherlands Institute of Sound and Vision. Prior to this, he was a staff research associate at the University of California, Berkeley, and part of the Preserving Digital Public Television Project based at Thirteen/WNET and funded by the Library of Congress. Mr. Ubois is a frequent public speaker, and primary convener of the Personal Digital Archiving conferences held at the Internet Archive. In the 1990s, Mr. Ubois worked in the software industry, and as a journalist in Washington, Hong Kong, London, and San Francisco covering new technology.
Donny Utoyo – ICT Watch
Donny B.U. is founder of ICT Watch (http://ictwatch.com), the leading ICT civil society organization that builds the foundation for the responsible use of new/online media in Indonesia through the “Internet Sehat” (http://internetsehat.org) nationwide campaign, forging a nation of fully informed citizens and subtly preempting the possibility of new government limits to free expression. Donny was awarded an Ashoka fellowship for his social entrepreneurship and focus on freedom of expression on the Internet, new media study, online activism and citizen journalism. As a researcher and lecturer at reputable private universities in Jakarta, he teaches cyber journalism, digital media, e-business and communication technology development. He is also a former of ICT journalist and managing editor at Detikcom, the biggest online media in Indonesia, until he was promoted to Vice President at the same company until his resignation in 2011. Donny travels widely in Indonesia in order to share his ideas and experiences with various campus activists, civil society and communities. Find him on Twitter @donnybu and his blog: http://donnybu.com.

Nart Villeneuve – Trend Micro Inc.
Nart Villeneuve is a Senior Threat Researcher at Trend Micro Inc. where he focuses on targeted malware attacks, botnets and the cyber-criminal underground.
Paul Vixie – Internet Systems Consortium
Dr. Paul Vixie is Chairman and Founder of Internet Systems Consortium. He served as President of MAPS, PAIX and MIBH, as CTO of Abovenet/MFN, and on the board of several for-profit and non-profit companies. He has served on the ARIN Board of Trustees since 2005, where he served as Chairman in 2008 and 2009, and is a founding member of ICANN Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) and ICANN Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC). Vixie has been contributing to Internet protocols and UNIX systems as a protocol designer and software architect since 1980. He is considered the primary author and technical architect of BIND 8, and he hired many of the people who wrote BIND 9 and the people now working on BIND 10. He has authored or co-authored a dozen or so RFCs, mostly on DNS and related topics, and of Sendmail: Theory and Practice (Digital Press, 1994). He earned his Ph.D. from Keo University for work related to the Internet Domain Name System (DNS and DNSSEC).

Lynn Wallace – Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Government of Canada
Lynn Wallace is a Senior Policy Officer with the Human Rights, Governance and Indigenous Affairs Policy Division at the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. Lynn develops and implements policy related to a number of civil and political rights, including freedom of expression, and human rights defenders.
Michael Walma – Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Government of Canada
Michael Walma is the Director, International Crime and Terrorism Division at the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada.
Jody R. Westby – Global Cyber Risk LLC
Drawing upon a unique combination of more than twenty years of technical, legal, policy, and business experience, Ms. Westby provides consulting and legal services to public and private sector clients around the world in the areas of privacy, security, cybercrime, breach management, and IT governance. She also serves as Adjunct Distinguished Fellow for Carnegie Mellon CyLab. Ms. Westby is a member of the bars of the District of Columbia, Pennsylvania, and Colorado and serves as chair of the American Bar Association’s Privacy and Computer Crime Committee. She co-chairs the World Federation of Scientists’ (WFS) Permanent Monitoring Panel on Information Security and is a member of the ITU Secretary-General’s High Level Experts Group on Cybersecurity. Ms. Westby led the development of the ITU Toolkit on Cybercrime Legislation and is an editor and co-author of the 2010 WFS-ITU publication, The Quest for Cyber Peace. Ms. Westby is also co-author and editor of four books on privacy, security, cybercrime, and enterprise security programs. She speaks globally and is the author of numerous articles. B.A., summa cum laude, University of Tulsa; J.D., magna cum laude, Georgetown University Law Center; Order of the Coif. Ms. Westby is a member of the American Bar Foundation and the Cosmos Club.
Detlev Wolter – Federal Foreign Office, Germany
Dr. Detlev Wolter studied law, political science and history at Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany; University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; and Columbia University, New York, United States. In 1987 he entered the German Foreign Service and from 1998 to 1999 he served consecutively as Second Secretary, Political Section Embassy in Moscow, Deputy Ambassador to Zambia, and First Secretary, Political Section, Permanent Representation of Germany to the European Union. In 1999 he became Head of Unit, European Department at the German Foreign Ministry and in 2003 Political Consellor at the Permanent Mission of Germany to the United Nations. Since 2004 he is Chairman of the Group of Interested States in Practical Disarmament and in 2005 he was Vice-President of the First Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations. From 2005-2007 he was Political Advisor in the Prime Minister’s Office in the Land of Brandenburg, 2007-2010 Dr. Wolter served as Deputy to the German Ambassador in Riyadh. Since July 2010 he is Head of Division for Conventional Arms Control and Confidence Building Measures.
Sarah Wynn-Williams – Facebook
Mehdi Yahyanejad – Balatarin
Dr. Mehdi Yahyanejad is the founder of the website Balatarin.com, the most popular social news website in Persian, with 30 million page views per month. The Balatarin community of users and readers have played a crucial role in the pro-democracy movement in Iran. He has been pursuing and researching social media and web 2.0 development for the past five years. Dr. Yahyanejad received his PhD in Physics from MIT with expertise in data mining and statistical methods. He won the bronze medal in the 1993 International Physics Olympiad.
Jillian York – Electronic Frontier Foundation
Jillian C. York is the Director of International Freedom of Expression at the Electronic Frontier Foundation. She writes regularly about free expression, politics, and the Internet, with particular focus on the Arab world. She is on the Board of Directors of Global Voices Online, and has written for a variety of publications, including Al Jazeera, Al Akhbar, The Guardian, Foreign Policy, and Bloomberg.